1.- Good morning! I’d like to send this letter to the United States.
– ____________. You have to pay 3 dollars more for it.
A.It’s too expensive
C.It’s too far away
D.It’s well done
2.- Good morning, may I speak to Mark, please?
B.Who’s that speaking?
C.Who are you?
D.Who wants to speak to Mark?
3.- I didn’t mean to do that. Please forgive me.
A.Not too bad.
B.That’s all right.
C.It’s a pleasure.
4.- May I see your tickets, please?
B.No, you can’t.
C.No, they are mine.
D.Yes, you can.
5.- Would you like something to drink? What about a cup of tea?
B.No, I wouldn’t.
C.Yes, I want.
D.Yes, I like.
Last summer, I took my first airplane flight from London to New York. I boarded the plane at Croydon Airfield and, from that moment on, my life was arranged for me on the trip. First, I was directed to my seat by the stewardess. Then, when the plane was ready to take off, the other passengers and I were told to fasten our seat belts. A few minutes after take-off, magazines and newspapers were passed out. Because my ears hurt, I was given some gum to chew. Next, we were given instructions on what to do in case of an emergency. We were given earphones to listen to music and told that a movie would be shown after dinner. Before dinner, we were asked if we wanted a cocktail. Dinner was served on a tray, but it was attractive and delicious. We were permitted to have a refill on any beverage. After dinner, we were shown a new Hollywood movie. When I felt cold, I was given a blanket and when I felt airsick, I was given a paper bag. Everything was done for the comfort of the passengers. When the plane landed, I was almost sorry to get off and have to start doing things for myself again.
6.Before the take-off, the passengers were asked to chew some gum.
7.Chewing some gum could ease the passengers’ earache caused by the change in the air pressure.
8.The man was sorry when the plane landed because he has to do things for himself again.
9.When the man felt airsick, he was given a paper bag.
10.The author took his first airplane flight from New York to Landon last summer.
A characteristic of American culture that has become almost a tradition is to respect the self-made man – the man who has risen to the top through his own efforts, usually beginning by working with his hands. While the leader in business or industry or the college professor occupies a higher social position and commands greater respect in the community than the common laborer or even the skilled factory worker, he may take pains to point out that his father started life in America as a farmer or laborer of some sort.
This attitude toward manual (体力的) labor is now still seen in many aspects of American life. One is invited to dinner at a home that is not only comfortably but even luxuriously (豪华地) furnished and in which there is every evidence of the fact that the family has been able to afford foreign travel, expensive hobbies, and college education for the children; yet the hostess probably will cook the dinner herself, will serve it herself and will wash dishes afterward; furthermore, the dinner will not consist merely of something quickly and easily assembled from contents of various cans and a cake or a pie bought at the nearby bakery. On the contrary, the hostess usually takes pride in careful preparation of special dishes. A professional may talk about washing the car, digging in his flowerbeds, painting the house. His wife may even help with these things, just as he often helps her with the dishwashing. The son who is away at college may wait on table and wash dishes for his living, or during the summer he may work with a construction gang on a highway in order to pay for his education.
11.From Para. 1, we know that in America _________.
A.people tend to have a high opinion of the self-made man
B.people can always rise to the top through their won efforts
C.college professors win great respect from common workers
D.people feel painful to mention their fathers as labors
12.According to the passage, the hostess cooks dinner herself mainly because _________.
A.servants in America are hard to get.
B.she takes pride in what she can do herself
C.she can hardly afford servants
D.it is easy to prepare a meal with canned food
13.The underlined expression “wait on table” in Para. 2 means “_________”.
A.work in a furniture shop
B.keep accounts for a bar
C.wait to lay the table
D.serve customers in a restaurant
14.The author’s attitude towards manual labor is _______.
15.Which of the following could be the best title of the passage?
A.A Respectable Self-made Family
B.American Attitude toward Manual Labor
C.Characteristics of American Culture
D.The Development of Manual Labor
16.Don’t push, let’s get on the bus_____.
D.turn by turn
17.You’d better go and ask Mr. Wang. He _________know how to use this machine.
18.If she wants to keep slim, she must make a _____ in her diet.
19.His mother _____alone since his father died.
20.Don’t forget ________ the window before leaving the room.
A.to have closed
In the American family the husband and wife usually share important decision-making. When the children are old enough, they take part as well. Foreigners are often surprised by the permissiveness (宽容) of American parents. Children are often allowed to do pretty much __21__ they wish without strict control by their parents. Children are encouraged to be __22__ at an early age. Some people believe that American parents carry this freedom too far. Others think that a strong parental image would not suit American values. Because Americans emphasize the importance of independence, young people are expected to break away from their families by the time they have __23__ their late teens or early twenties. This pattern of independence often raises serious problems for the aging parents of a small family. The average American is expected to live __24__ the age of 70. The job-retirement age is usually 65. The children have left home, married, and __25__ their own households. Often the major problem of many elderly couples is not economic, but they feel useless and lonely with neither an occupation nor a close family ties.
26.The shop is open till ten at night every day.
27.I have something important to tell you.
28.Think it over before you speak.
29.Look out the window it’s still raining today!
30.He didn’t need to attend the meeting.
31.As is known to all, China is the largest developing country in the world.
Choosing a Job